Sanchit Dilip Jain/Achieving Data Governance on AWS 🔍

Created Sun, 12 May 2024 12:00:00 +0000 Modified Sun, 07 Jul 2024 20:06:17 +0000
931 Words 4 min

Achieving Data Governance on AWS

Summary of Part 1

  • In Part 1 of our blog, we explored the fundamental concepts of data governance and how to achieve it on AWS. We discussed the importance of data governance for digital business success, the key roles involved, and how to align data governance with business initiatives.
  • We also covered a comprehensive model for data governance, focusing on understanding, curating, and protecting data using AWS tools and services. This foundation ensures that your data is in the right condition to support your business initiatives and drive digital transformation


  • Building on the principles and practices discussed in Part 1, Part 2 of our series delves deeper into the operational aspects of data governance.
  • We will examine how to distribute data governance responsibilities across an organization effectively, integrate self-service analytics while maintaining governance standards, and address the specific needs of machine learning governance.
  • Additionally, we will explore how AWS tools and services can further enhance and streamline your data governance efforts. This continuation will provide a holistic view of how to implement and sustain robust data governance practices, ensuring your data is both a strategic asset and a competitive advantage.

Distributing Data Governance Responsibilities

  • Effective data governance requires a balanced distribution of responsibilities across different roles within the organization. This balance ensures that data is managed efficiently and effectively, without overburdening any single group. Here’s how responsibilities can be distributed:
    • The Pendulum of Centralization and Decentralization
      • Organizations often swing between centralized and decentralized data governance models. A centralized model consolidates data management, which can create bottlenecks, while a decentralized model distributes responsibilities, potentially leading to inconsistencies. A balanced approach is crucial.
    • Key Roles in Data Governance
      • Data Producers:
        • Responsibilities: Create and manage data products, ensuring data quality and consistency within their domain.
        • Empowerment: Data producers should be enabled with the tools and capabilities to manage their data, ensuring it is appropriately handled and integrated.
      • Data Consumers:
        • Responsibilities: Use data for analysis, reporting, and application development.
        • Empowerment: Provide self-service access to data, enabling consumers to experiment and innovate without overburdening them with data management tasks.
      • Central Data Team:
        • Responsibilities: Facilitate coordination between data producers and consumers, ensuring data integration and consistency across the organization.
        • Empowerment: Support data governance by providing tools, establishing standards, and ensuring compliance with data policies.

Self-Service Analytics and Data Governance

  • Self-service analytics can significantly enhance an organization’s ability to make data-driven decisions, but it also introduces challenges in maintaining data governance. Here’s how to integrate self-service analytics with data governance:

    • Certified Shared Analytics:
      • Objective: Reduce redundant reporting efforts and ensure consistency across analytics outputs.
      • Strategy: Develop a central repository of certified reports and analytics that can be reused across the organization.
    • Establishing Analytics Communities:
      • Objective: Foster collaboration and knowledge sharing among analysts.
      • Strategy: Identify and formalize the role of existing analytics teams, such as a finance department’s performance group, as coordination hubs for the wider analytics community.
    • Balancing Centralization and Decentralization:
      • Objective: Empower analysts while maintaining data consistency.
      • Strategy: Centralize critical metrics and analytics while allowing departments to manage their own specific analytics needs.

Machine Learning (ML) Governance and Data Governance

  • ML governance is an extension of data governance, focusing on the specific needs and challenges of managing machine learning models and data. Here’s how to integrate ML governance into your data governance framework:

    • Feature Stores:
      • Objective: Create and manage reusable data features for ML models.
      • Strategy: Develop shared feature stores that can be used across multiple ML projects, ensuring consistency and reducing redundancy.
    • Regulatory Compliance:
      • Objective: Ensure ML models comply with regulatory requirements.
      • Strategy: Work with legal and security teams to interpret and apply regulations to ML models and data.
    • MLOps:
      • Objective: Streamline the process of building, testing, and deploying ML models.
      • Strategy: Implement MLOps practices using tools like Amazon SageMaker to ensure efficiency, reliability, and compliance in ML workflows.
    • Ethical Considerations:
      • Objective: Address ethical issues such as bias in ML models.
      • Strategy: Implement visibility and monitoring practices to detect and mitigate biases, ensuring responsible AI use.
    • Generative AI:
      • Objective: Manage the specific challenges of generative AI models.
      • Strategy: Monitor inputs and outputs for quality, bias, and compliance, and protect sensitive data used in training and inference.

How AWS Can Help with Data Governance

  • AWS offers a range of tools and services to support data governance initiatives, from data profiling to compliance and ML model management. Here are some key AWS tools for data governance:

    • Amazon DataZone:
      • Functionality: Central portal for data producers to share data and for consumers to find and use data.
      • Benefits: Facilitates data discovery and usage across the organization.
    • AWS Glue:
      • Functionality: Data integration, profiling, and cataloging.
      • Benefits: Simplifies data preparation and management with minimal coding.
    • Amazon Macie:
      • Functionality: Scans for sensitive information such as PII.
      • Benefits: Helps maintain data privacy and compliance.
    • AWS Lake Formation:
      • Functionality: Builds secure data lakes and manages access controls.
      • Benefits: Streamlines data lake creation and ensures secure data access.
    • Amazon SageMaker:
      • Functionality: Builds, trains, and deploys ML models.
      • Benefits: Provides a comprehensive suite for managing the ML lifecycle.
    • Amazon QuickSight:
      • Functionality: Data visualization and dashboarding.
      • Benefits: Enables sophisticated visual analysis and monitoring of data quality issues.


  • Effective data governance is critical for ensuring data availability, usability, integrity, and security within an organization. AWS provides a robust set of tools and services to support comprehensive data governance, from data profiling and integration to security and compliance.
  • By distributing data governance responsibilities effectively, integrating self-service analytics, addressing ML governance needs, and leveraging AWS’s capabilities, organizations can ensure their data is in the right condition to support business initiatives and drive digital transformation.